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FIELD
Math: HCMC
DATE
May 23 (Thu), 2024
TIME
16:00 ~ 17:00
PLACE
ONLINE
SPEAKER
Nakajima, Shuta
HOST
Kim, Seonwoo
INSTITUTE
Meiji University
TITLE
[HG_AP] Upper tail large deviation for the one-dimensional frog model
ABSTRACT
In this talk, we study the upper tail large deviation for the one-dimensional frog model. In this model, sleeping and active frogs are assigned to vertices on $\mathbb{Z}$. While sleeping frogs do not move, the active ones move as independent simple random walks and activate any sleeping frogs. The main object of interest in this model is the asymptotic behavior of the first passage time $T(0,n)$, which is the time needed to activate the frog at the vertex $n$, assuming there is only one active frog at $0$ at the beginning. While the law of large numbers and central limit theorems have been well established, the intricacies of large deviations remain elusive. Using renewal theory, Bérard and Ramírez have pointed out a slowdown phenomenon where the probability that the first passage time $T(0,n)$ is significantly larger than its expectation decays sub-exponentially and lies between $\exp(-n^{1/2 + o(1)})$ and $\exp(-n^{1/3 + o(1)})$. In this article, using a novel covering process approach, we confirm that $1/2$ is the correct exponent, i.e., the rate of upper large deviations is given by $n^{1/2}$. Moreover, we obtain an explicit rate function that is characterized by properties of Brownian motion and is strictly concave. This talk is based on joint work with Van Hao Can, Naoki Kubota.
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